A void contract is totally unenforceable and probably has no legal effect from the start. In other words, this contract lacks one of the four essential elements of a valid contract listed above. For example, a contract to sell a property in exchange for drugs would be void because it has no legal purpose. Once the contract is signed, there are legal effects of that contract.
There are four ways to classify contracts. One is a valid and enforceable contract. That simply means that you have all the essentials of a contract and it's in writing, which makes it enforceable. This is what we want all the time.
A second way we can classify a contract is a void contract, which means that it has no legal effect. A couple of examples of a void contract would be a contract for illegal activity or someone signing a contract that is not in their right mind. These contracts would be classified as void and would have no legal effect. A third type is called a voidable contract, which means that we have almost all the essentials of a contract, but something is not quite right.
What makes it not quite right, makes it capable of being empty. Some examples would be a contract signed by a minor. A minor is not of legal age. Therefore, if the minor signs the contract, the minor can cancel the contract until he is of legal age.
Once a person reaches legal age, they must decide whether to ratify and accept the contract or annul the agreement. Another example of a voidable contract is someone who signs a contract when intoxicated. That would be a voidable contract. A contract signed under duress or duress will be unenforceable.
To prove coercion, there must be evidence that someone was threatened in order for them to accept the terms of the contract. A typical example of coercion is blackmail. For a court to consider that a contract cannot be performed due to coercion, sufficient evidence must be gathered to show that a party agreed to a contract while under financial or physical duress. When contract disputes involve fraudulent transactions, such as misrepresentation or non-disclosure, and a party to the agreement has already suffered financial losses as a result, a breach of contract lawsuit can be brought on the matter.
If a false statement or fraud occurs during the contract negotiation process, the contract itself may be considered unenforceable. For example, a contract that is not scrupulous, involves illegality, or violates public order would not be enforced by the courts. A mutual error, such as that of parties making a mistake in the identity of an item, can invalidate the contract. To prove undue influence, the party could also provide evidence that the other exploited a confidential relationship to influence the formation of the contract.
In any case, the error must have been about something important related to the contract and must have had a material (significant) effect on the exchange or negotiation process. A contract can become the subject of a court case when a dispute arises between the parties or when the applicability of parts of the contract or the contract as a whole is questioned. Once the parties have prepared the offer, the target recipient decides whether to accept or reject the contract, either in writing or verbally. Contracts can be declared unenforceable for public policy reasons, not only to protect one of the parties involved, but also because what the contract represents could harm society as a whole.
Misrepresentation generally refers to a misrepresentation by a party or the concealment of information on a contract-related matter. Undue influence refers to a party persuading another party to enter into an agreement by taking advantage of the parties' relationship and using pressure tactics to encourage the other party to form a contract. Immeasurability refers to a term of the contract, or possibly the contract as a whole, that is so decisively unfair that the contract cannot exist in the form it currently is. .